Molecular formula C4H9Br
Molar mass137.02 g spook −1
viscosity1.2686 g cm −3, liquid
- 112 °C, 161 K,-170 °F
101.4 °C, 375 K, 215 °F
- Bromobutane is the organobromine emulsion with the formula CH3( CH2) 3Br. It’s a tintless liquid, although impure samples appear unheroic. It’s undoable in water, but answerable in organic detergents. It’s a primarily used as a source of the butyl group in organic conflation. It’s one of several isomers of butylbromide.As far as I know there’s no significant response between these 2 composites. Halogenoalkanes reply with water, witnessing hydrolysis to give an alcohol and the anticipated HX acid( X = halogen) in a reversible nucleophilic negotiation which is favoured by introductory pH( OH − − is a good nucleophile). Nitric acid is always at least 30 water( the pure acid is unstable), so you might anticipate a bit of hydrolysis also the alcohol could in proposition form the nitrate ester, but this presumably happens only in trace quantities.
tintless liquid. Relative viscosity 1. 276
279( 20 ℃), melting point-112.4 ℃. Boiling point101.6 °c. Boiling range( 95 distillation) 100
120 deg C Refractive indicator 1. 4398( 20 ° c). undoable in water, answerable in alcohol, ether. Stable nature, but easy to fire at room temperature.
1- Bromobutane( CH3( CH2) 3Br) is a tintless liquid that’s undoable in water, but answerable in ethanol and diethyl ether. As a primary alkyl halide, it’s especially prone to SN2 type responses. It’s generally used as an alkylating agent, or in combination with magnesium essence in dry ether( Grignard reagent) to form carbon- carbon bonds.
1- Bromobutane may also be used to form organometallic composites, similar as n- butyllithium
2 Li C4H9X → C4H9Li LiX
where X = Cl, Br
The lithium for this response contains 1- 3 sodium. When bromobutane is the precursor, the product is a homogeneous result, conforming of a mixed cluster containing both LiBr and LiBu. It can be formed by response of butanol with concentrated hydrobromic acid in presence of strong acid, similar as sulphuric acid( H2SO4), by response of dibutyl ether with hydrobromic acid, or bromination of butane in presence of peroxide.
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